William Bolger, MD

Dr. Bolger's Credentials:


Awards and Honors


Dr. Bolger's Biography

Patient Testimonials

Elected by his peers for inclusion in Best Doctors in America® from 1998 to 2018.

William E. Bolger, M.D., F.A.C.S.


Original Papers

  1. Bolger WE, Seyfer AE, Jackson SM. Reduction mammoplasty using the inferior
    glandular "pyramid" pedicle: Experience with 300 patients. Plast Reconstruct Surg
  2. Seyfer AE, Bolger WE. Effects of unrestricted motion on healing: A study of
    posttraumatic adhesions in primate tendons. Plast Reconstruct Surg 1989;83:122-128.
  3. Bolger WE, Parsons DS, Matson RE. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery in aviators with
    recurrent sinus barotrauma. Aviat Space and Environ Med 1990;61:148-156.
  4. Bolger WE, Woodruff WW, Parsons DS. CT demonstration of uncinate process
    pneumatization: A rare paranasal sinus anomaly. Am J Neurorad 1990;11:552.
  5. Bolger WE, West CB, Parsons DS, Gates GA. Acute upper airway obstruction due to
    massive gingival hyperplasia. Int J Ped Otolaryngol 1990;19:63-72.
  6. Bolger WE, Parsons DS. Treatment of recurrent sinus barotrauma in aviators: A
    comparison of classic vs. functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Am J Rhinology
  7. Bolger WE, Parsons DS, Potempa L. Preoperative hemostatic assessment of the
    adenotonsillectomy patient. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 1990;103:396-405.
  8. Bolger WE, Parsons DS, Moorehead JM, Woodruff WW. Classification of maxillary sinus
    hypoplasia and associated uncinate process anomalies. Otolaryngol Head and Neck
    Surg 1990;103:759-765.
  9. Bolger WE, Butzin C, Parsons DS. Paranasal sinus bony anatomic variations and mucosal
    abnormalities: CT analysis for endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope 1991;101:56-
  10. Kuhn FA, Bolger WE, Tisdal RG. The agger nasi cell in frontal recess obstruction:
    Anatomic, radiologic and clinical correlation. Operative Techniques Otolaryngol
    /Head Neck Surg 1991; 2:226-231.
  11. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Nasal Endoscopy in the Outpatient Clinic. Otolaryngol Clin
    North Am 1992; 25:791- 802.
  12. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Current perspectives on the diagnosis and treatment of
    sinusitis: Guidelines for medical versus surgical therapy. J Resp Dis 1992;13:421-448.
  13. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Current concepts in chronic sinusitis. Hospital Practice 1992;
  14. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. J Resp Dis 1992;13:1448-
  15. Yousem DM, Fellows DW, Kennedy DW, Bolger WE, Kashima H, Zinreich SJ. Inverted
    papilloma: MR evaluation. Radiology 1992;185:501-505.
  16. Bolger WE, Parsons DS, Mair EA, Kuhn FA. Lacrimal drainage system injury in FES:
    Incidence, analysis, and prevention. Arch Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 1992;118:
  17. Klausner R, Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Multiple and massive mucoceles of the paranasal
    sinuses. Am J Rhinology 1992;6:123-127.
  18. Parsons DS, Bolger WE, Boyd EM. The "ridge"- a safer entry into the sphenoid sinus
    during functional endoscopic sinus surgery in children. Operative Techniques in
    Otolaryngol/Head and Neck Surg 1994;5:43-44.
  19. Bolger WE. Gram negative sinusitis: An emerging clinical entity? Am J Rhinology 1994;
  20. Mair EA, Bolger WE, Breisch EA. Sinus development and facial skeletal growth after
    pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 1995;
  21. Mair E. Bolger WE, Breisch EA. Croissance de la face et des sinus apres chirurgie
    endoscopicque dans l'enfance. Journal d'ORL 1995;60:75-81.
  22. Stammberger HR, Bolger WE, Clement PAR, Hosemann WG, Kuhn KA, Lanza DC,
    Leopold DA, Ohnishi T, Desiderio P, Schaefer SD, Wayoff MR, Zinreich SJ.
    Anatomic terminology and nomenclature in sinusitis. Annals of Otology, Rhinology
    and Laryngology 1995;104:7-19, Suppl.167
  23. Norlander T, Bolger WE, Stierna P, Uddman R, Carlsoo B. Surgical denervation versus
    topical capsaicin application of nasal and sinus mucosa: A morphologic study in the
    rabbit. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 1996;57:1-9.
  24. Bolger WE, Leonard D, Dick EJ, Stierna P. Gram negative experimental sinusitis: A
    bacteriologic and histopathologic study. Am J Rhinology 1997;11:15-25.
  25. Dribben JS, Bolger WE, Cable B, Robles HA, Zinreich SJ. The reliabilty of computerized
    tomographic detection of the Onodi cell. Am J Rhinology 1998;12:105-111.
  26. Edmunds CV, Wiet GJ, Bolger WE. Virtual environments: Surgical simulation in
    otolaryngology. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1998; 31:369-381.
  27. Leonard D, Bolger WE. Minimally invasive approach for biopsy of optic nerve lesions.
    Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 1999;120:776-779.
  28. Bolger WE, Borgie RC, Melder P. The role of the cristae ethmoidalis in endoscopic
    sphenopalatine artery ligation. Am J Rhinology 1999;13:81-86.
  29. Bolger WE, Keyes A. Use of the superior meatus/turbinate in the endoscopic approach to
    the sphenoid sinus. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 1999;120:308-313.
  30. Bolger WE, Osenbach R. Endoscopic transpterygoid approach to the lateral sphenoid
    recess. Ear Nose and Throat Journal 1999; 78:36-46.
  31. Leonard DW, Bolger WE. Topical antibiotic therapy for recalcitrant sinusitis.
    Laryngoscope 1999;109:668-670.
  32. Bolger WE, Crawford J, Cockerham-Peele K. Retained stenting material: An unusual
    cause of dacryocystorhinostomy failure. Ophthalmology 1999;106:1306-1309.
  33. Orlandi RR, Lanza DC, Bolger WE, Clerico DM, Kennedy DW. The forgotten turbinate:
    The role of the superior turbinate in endoscopic sinus surgery. Am J Rhinology 1999;
  34. Bolger WE, Kuhn FA, Kennedy DW. Middle turbinate stabilization following FES: the
    controlled synechiae technique. Laryngoscope 1999;109:1852-1853.
  35. Vogan JC, Bolger WE, Keyes A. Endoscopically guided sinonasal cultures: A direct
    comparison with maxillary sinus aspirate cultures. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg
  36. Culviner WT, Leonard DW, Wilhelmsen CL, Bolger WE. Experimental myospherulosis
    of the paranasal sinuses: A histologic rabbit study. Am J Rhinology 2000;14:131-137.
  37. Cable BJ, Wassamuth Z, Mann EA, Hommer D, Connely G, Klem C, Quance-Fitch F,
    Bolger WE. The effect of corticosteroids in the treatment of experimental sinusitis. Am
    J Rhinology 2000;14:217-222.
  38. Won J, Mair EA, Bolger WE. Endoscopic analysis of the vomeronasal organ. Ear Nose
    and Throat Journal 2000;79:600-605.
  39. Perloff JR, Gannon FH, Bolger WE, Montone KT, Orlandi R, Kennedy DW. Bone
    involvement in chronic sinusitis: An apparent pathway for the spread of disease.
    Laryngoscope 2000;100:2095-2099.
  40. Lennard CM, Mann EA, Sun L, Bolger WE. Interleukin-1beta, interleukin-5, interleukin-8
    and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in chronic sinusitis: Response to systemic
    corticosteroids. Am J Rhinology 2001;14:367-373.
  41. Bolger WE, Mawn C. Analysis of the sinus lateralis for endoscopic sinus surgery. Ann
    Otol, Rhinol and Laryngol 2001;110:1-14, Suppl.186.
  42. Hurst RW, Judkins A, Bolger WE, Loevner L. Cavernous carotid mycotic aneurysm and
    cerebral infarction resulting from fungal sinusitis: Imaging pathologic correlation. Am J
    Neuroradiol 2001;22:858-863.
  43. Wright ED, Bolger WE. The ethmoidal bulla: Is it really a cell? J Otolaryngol 2001;
  44. Lane AP, Bolger WE. Endoscopic transmaxillary biopsy of pterygopalatine space
    masses: a preliminary report. Am J Rhinology 2002;16:109-112.
  45. Gordon AR, Loevner LA, Bolger WE, Sonners AI, Wasik MA. Posttransplantation
    lymphoproliferative disorder of the paranasal sinus mimicking fungal sinusitis.
    Am J Neuroradiology 2002;23:855-857.
  46. Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE. Management of multiple spontaneous sinonasal
    meningoencephaloceles. Laryngoscope 2002;112:980-985.
  47. Schlosser R, Bolger WE. Nasal cerebrospinal fluid leaks. J Otolaryngology 2002;31:
    22-30, Suppl 1:S28-37.
  48. Lane AP, Gomez G, Dankulich T, Wang H, Bolger WE, Rawson NE. The superior
    turbinate as a source of functional human olfactory receptor neurons. Laryngoscope
  49. Bolger WE, Ross A. McCune-Albright syndrome: a case report and review of the
    literature. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2002;65:69-74.
  50. Lai SY, Kennedy DW, Bolger WE. Sphenoid encephaloceles: disease management and
    identification of lesions within the lateral recess of the sphenoid. Laryngoscope
  51. Schlosser R, Bolger WE. Significance of empty sella in CSF leaks. Otolaryngol Head
    Neck Surg 2003;128:32-38.
  52. Schlosser RJ, Bolger, WE. Traumatic cerebrospinal rhinorrhea. Operative Techniques in
    Otolaryngol/Head and Neck Surg 2003;13:302-308.
  53. Bolger WE, Reger C. Temporal lobe encephalocele presenting as a lytic lesion of the
    pterygoid process. Ear Nose and Throat Journal 2003;82:269-275.
  54. Schlosser R, Bolger WE. Spontaneous nasal meningoencephaloceles and empty sella
    syndrome: a clinical association? Am J Rhinology 2003;17:91-96.
  55. Bolger WE, McLaughlin K. The use of cranial bone grafts for endoscopic repair of skull
    base defects. Am J Rhinology 2003;17:153-157.
  56. Schlosser RJ, Wilensky EM, Grady MS, Bolger WE. Elevated intracranial pressure in
    spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Am J Rhinology 2003;17:191-195.
  57. Daniels DL, Mafee MF, Smith MM, Smith TL, Naidich TP, Brown WD, Bolger WE,
    Mark LP, Ulmer JL, Hacein-Bey L, Strottmann JM. The frontal sinus drainage pathway
    and related structures. Am J Neuroradiol 2003;24:1618-27.
  58. Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE. Endoscopic trans-ethmoid sphenoidotomy.
    Operative Techniques in Otolaryngol/Head and Neck Surg 2003;14:178-184.
  59. Lane AP, Bolger WE. Endoscopic pterygopalatine space surgery. Operative Techniques
    in Otolaryngol/Head and Neck Surg 2003;14:212-215.
  60. Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE. Nasal cerebrospinal fluid leaks: critical review and surgical
    considerations. Laryngoscope 2004;114:255-265.
  61. Schlosser RJ, Maloney-Wilensky E, Grady MS, Palmer JN, Kennedy DW, Bolger WE.
    Cerebrospinal fluid pressure monitoring after repair of CSF leaks. Otolaryngology
    Head and Neck Surg 2004;130:443-8.
  62. Roh HJ, Batra PS, Citardi M, Lee J, Bolger WE, Lanza DC. Endoscopic resection of
    sinonasal malignancies: a preliminary report. Am J Rhinology 2004;18:239-246.
  63. Wolfe SG, Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE, Lanza DC, Kennedy DW. Endoscopic and
    endoscope-assisted resections of inverted sinonasal papillomas. Otolaryngol Head Neck
    Surg 2004; 131:174-9.
  64. Woodworth BA, Schlosser RJ, Faust RA, Bolger WE. Evolutions in the management of
    congenital intranasal skull base defects. Arch of Otolarygol Head Neck Surg
    2004; 130:1283-1288.
  65. Groman JD, Bolger WE, Ernst LB, Zeitlin P, Macek M, Cutting G. Recurrent and
    destructive nasal polyposis in two siblings: a possible case of Woakes’ Syndrome.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004; 131: 1009-1011.
  66. Bolger WE, Tadros M, Ellenbogen RG, Judy K, Grady MS. Endoscopic management of
    cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with the use of bone wax in skull base surgery.
    Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 2005; 132:418-20.
  67. Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE. Image-guided procedures of the skull base. Otolaryngol Clin
    N Am 2005; 38:483-490.
  68. Bolger WE. The endoscopic transpterygoid approach to the lateral sphenoid recess:
    surgical approach and initial clinical experience. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg
    2005; 133:20-26.
  69. Shipchandler TZ, Batra PS, Citardi MJ, Bolger WE, Lanza DC. Outcomes for endoscopic
    resection of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma. Laryngoscope 2005; 115:1983-1987.
  70. Lane AP, Bolger WE. Endoscopic management of inverted papilloma. Curr Opinions
    in Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 2006;4:14-18.
  71. Bolger WE. Management of cerebral vascular structures during endoscopic treatment of
    encephaloceles. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 2006; 115:167-70.
  72. Brown C, Bolger WE. Safety and feasibility of balloon catheter dilation of paranasal
    sinus ostia: a preliminary investigation. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
    2006; 115: 293-9.
  73. Lindsay R, Slaughter T, Britton-Webb J, Mog SR, Conran R, Monica Tadros M, Earl N,
    Fox D, Roberts J, Bolger WE. Development of a murine model of chronic sinusitis.
    Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 2006; 134:724-30.
  74. Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE. Endoscopic management of cerebrospinal fluid leak.
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2006; 39:523-538.
  75. Bolger WE, Vaugh WC. Catheter-based dilation of the sinus ostia: initial safety and
    feasibility analysis. Am J Rhinology 2006; 20:290-294.
  76. Schlosser RJ, Woodworth BA, Maloney-Wilensky E, Grady MS, Bolger WE.
    Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks: a variant of benign intracranial
    hypertension. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 2006; 115:495-500.
  77. Mitchell AO, Alburger JF, Bolger WE, Frew MI, Richardson AC. Three-dimensional
    imaging of the pterygopalatine fossa. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007; 136:1014-6.
  78. Silver RI, Moonis G, Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE, Loevner LA. Radiographic signs of
    elevated intracranial pressure in idiopathic cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a possible
    presentation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Am J Rhinol 2007; 21:257-61.
  79. Bolger WE, Brown CL, Church CA, Goldberg AN, Karanfilov B, Kuhn FA, Levine HL,
    Sillers MJ, Vaughan WC, Weiss RL. Safety and outcomes of balloon catheter sinusotomy:
    a multicenter 24-week analysis in 115 patients. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007;
  80. Bolger WE, Joshi AS, Spear S, Nelson M, Govindaraj K. Gene expression analysis in
    sinonasal polyposis before and after oral corticosteroids: A preliminary investigation.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007; 137:27-33.
  81. Woodworth BA, Bhargave GA, Palmer JN, Chiu AG, Cohen NA, Bolger WE, Kennedy
    DW. Clinical outcomes of endoscopic and endoscopic-assisted resection of inverted
    papillomas: A 15-year Experience. Am J Rhinol 2007; 21:591-600.
  82. Woodworth BA, Prince A, Chiu AG, Cohen NA, Schlosser RJ, Bolger WE, Kennedy DW,
    Palmer JN. Spontaneous CSF leaks: A paradigm for definitive repair and management of
    intracranial hypertension. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008;138:715-20.
  83. Khalid AN, Woodworth BA, Prince A, Quraishi SA, Antunes MB, Long FH, Bolger WE,
    Chiu AG, Palmer JN, Cohen NA. Physiologic alterations in the murine model after nasal
    fungal antigenic exposure. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008; 139:695-701.
  84. Bolger, WE. Piezoelectric surgery device in endoscopic sinus surgery: An initial clinical
    experience. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 2009; 118:621-4.
  85. Reh DD, Melvin TA, Bolger WE, Lane AP. The frontal intersinus septum takedown procedure: Revisiting a technique for surgically refractory unilateral frontal sinus disease. Laryngoscope 2011; 21:1805-9.
  86. Bolger WE. Reflection on a rhinologic surgical tenet: The “inferior and medial approach”
    in ethmoid surgery. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 2011; 120:561-2.
  87. Wu X, Bolger WE, Anders JJ. Fibroblasts isolated from human middle turbinate mucosa
    cause neural progenitor to differentiate into glial lineage cells. PLOS ONE (2013) 8(10):
    e76926. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076926
  88. Weindling SM, Menke DM, Bolger WE. Maxillary sinus angiomyolipoma: a case report
    and overview. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal 2015; 94:248.


  • Diseases of the Sinuses: Current Therapy and Management. Kennedy DW, Bolger WE,
    Zinreich SJ, eds., B.C. Decker, Philadelphia, PA, 2001.

Book Chapters

  1. Kuhn FA, Bolger WE. Prevention of recurrence after functional endoscopic sinus surgery: advanced techniques for the endoscopic sinus surgeon-the frontal recess. In: Instructional Courses-American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. V, C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, MO; 1992: 129-136.
  2. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Complications in surgery of the saranasal sinuses. In: Eisele
    DW, ed. Complications in Head and Neck Surgery, C.V. Mosby Co., Philadelphia, PA;
    1992: 458-470.
  3. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Surgery of the paranasal sinuses in adults. In: Druce H, ed.
    Sinusitis: Pathophysiology and Treatment. Mercel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY; 1993:
  4. Bolger WE, Aletich VA. Imaging of the paranasal sinuses in pediatric patients with
    special considerations for sinus surgery. In: Bluestone C, Stool S, and Kenna M, eds.
    Pediatric Otolaryngology. 3rd ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Phil, PA; 1996: 759-764.
  5. Newell MJ, Laws IM, Bolger WE, Stambaugh KI. Maxillofacial injuries. In: Ballistic
    Trauma: Clinical Relevance In Peace and War. Edward Arnold Publishers Limited,
    London, England; 1997: 221-233.
  6. Cullen MM, Bolger WE. Maximal medical management of chronic sinusitis. Current
    Opinion in Otolarygology, Vol 8, no. 1, 2000, pages 1-4.
  7. Bolger WE. Anatomy of the paranasal sinuses. In: Kennedy DW, Bolger WE, Zinreich
    SJ, eds. Diseases of the Sinuses: Diagnosis and Management. B.C. Decker, Philadelphia,
    PA; 2001: 1-11.
  8. Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Surgical complications and postoperative care. In: Kennedy
    DW, Bolger WE, Zinreich SJ, eds. Diseases of the Sinuses: Diagnosis and
    Management, B.C. Decker, Philadelphia, PA; 2001: 303-315.
  9. Wright ED, Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Anatomic terminology and nomenclature of the
    paranasal sinuses and quantification for staging sinusitis. In: Sih T, Clement PAR, eds. Pediatric Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Allergies, Marcel Dekker Publishing; New York, NY, 2002.
  10. Cullen MM, Bolger WE. Revision surgery for chronic sinusitis. In: Kennedy DW,
    Bolger WE, Zinreich SJ, eds. Diseases of the Sinuses: Diagnosis and Management, B.C.
    Decker, Philadelphia, PA; 2001: 245-253.
  11. Joe S, Bolger WE, Kennedy DW. Nasal endoscopy and staging for inflammatory
    sinusitis. In: Kennedy DW, Bolger WE, Zinreich SJ, eds. Diseases of the Sinuses:
    Diagnosis and Management, B.C. Decker, Philadelphia, PA; 2001: 119-128.
  12. Bolger WE. Rhinosinusitis. In: Rakel RE, Bope ET, Conn’s Current Therapy, 54th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA, pgs. 232-235.
  13. Kennedy DW, Bolger WE. The paranasal sinuses: embryology, anatomy, endoscopic
    diagnosis and treatment. In: Lee KJ eds. Essential Otolaryngology, 8th ed.McGraw-
    Hill Medical Publishing, New York, NY; 2003: 388-410.
  14. Kazahaya K, Bolger WE. Imaging of the paranasal sinuses in pediatric patients with
    consideration for endoscopic sinus surgery. In: Bluestone C, Stool S, and Kenna M,
    eds. Pediatric Otolaryngology. 4th ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Phil, PA, 2002, Chapter 36.
  15. Bolger WE, Joe SJ. Revision surgery of the frontal sinus. In: Revision Surgery In
    Otolaryngology, Thieme Publishers, New York, New York. 2008, Chapter 42, pg 403.

Dr. Bolger's Biography

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